You asked: Which of the following is the most significant risk factor for complications from moderate sedation?

Risk Factor Possible Complication
Obesity Gastroesophageal reflux Upper airway obstruction Oversedation
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Respiratory depression
Coronary artery disease Undersedation Oversedation

What is the most common complication of moderate sedation?

When compared with local anesthesia alone, the two most significant negative variables introduced by moderate sedation, as well as deep sedation and general anesthesia, are the added risks for either respiratory depression, ie, hypoventilation, or airway obstruction in the deeply sedated or unconscious patient.

What are the complications of sedation?

What are the risks for procedural sedation?

  • Changes in heart rate and blood pressure (rare)
  • Decreased rate of breathing.
  • Headache.
  • Inhalation of stomach contents into your lungs (rare)
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Unpleasant memory of the experience.

Which characteristic is an effect of moderate sedation?

Moderate sedation is a depression of consciousness in which the patient can respond to external stimuli (verbal or tactile). Airway reflexes, spontaneous ventilation, and cardiovascular function are maintained.

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Which of the following would describe a patient that is moderately sedated?

“Moderate sedation/analgesia is defined as a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposely to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulations; patients do not require intervention to maintain a patent airway, maintain adequate spontaneous ventilation, and …

Who is responsible for monitoring a patient receiving moderate sedation?

The Joint Commission has mandated that an institution’s sedation practices be monitored and evaluated by the department of anesthesia. In response to this mandate, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) developed practice guidelines for nonanesthesiologists who provide sedation and analgesia [2,3,4].

What are the 5 levels of sedation?

Different levels of sedation are defined by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines for Sedation and Analgesia by Non-Anesthesiologists.

  • Minimal Sedation (anxiolysis) …
  • Moderate sedation. …
  • Deep sedation/analgesia. …
  • General anesthesia.

How long do the effects of sedation last?

The effects of local anesthetic typically last for anywhere from four to six hours, though you may still feel some numbness and tingling for up to 24 hours after the procedure has been completed. It is often safe to eat and chew after a few hours and once you begin to regain feeling in your lips and mouth.

How long does IV sedation stay in your system?


It sometimes takes 24-48 hours for the medications to fully exit your system, so we strongly recommended that you get plenty of rest after a sedation surgery. This will ensure the quickest recovery possible.

What is the goal of moderate sedation?

PURPOSE: Moderate or deep sedation will be used to minimize patient’s discomfort, anxiety and/or pain during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Moderate or deep sedation will be used to reduce risks and complications that are associated with the use of general anesthesia.

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What drugs are used for moderate sedation?

The most widely used include diazepam (Valium), midazolam (Versed) and lorazepam (Ativan). Midazolam use has overtaken that of diazepam due to its shorter duration of action and water solubility which helps to decrease the pain associated with injection. The benzodiazepines produce a spectrum of effects.

How do you confirm a patient is in deep sedation?

Young patients who are in deep sedation may respond with only a reflex withdrawal to an intensely painful stimulus, if at all. Monitoring requirements for deep sedation require a minimum of a pulse oximeter, capnography or precordial stethoscope, electrocardiography, and blood pressure cuff.

When is sedation used?

Medical uses. Sedation is typically used in minor surgical procedures such as endoscopy, vasectomy, or dentistry and for reconstructive surgery, some cosmetic surgeries, removal of wisdom teeth, or for high-anxiety patients.

What are the 4 stages of anesthesia?

There are four stages of general anesthesia, namely: analgesia – stage 1, delirium – stage 2, surgical anesthesia – stage 3 and respiratory arrest – stage 4. As the patient is increasingly affected by the anesthetic his anesthesia is said to become ‘deeper’.

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