You asked: What are the different theories of depression?

What are the main theories of depression?

In short, according to the different theories, depression may be due to (1) biological reasons; (2) insecure attachment; (3) lack of reinforcement of previously-reinforced behaviors; (4) negative interpersonal relations and relations with one’s environment and the resulting negative consequences; (5) attributions made …

What is Aaron Beck’s cognitive theory of depression?

Beck’s cognitive theory of depression proposes that persons susceptible to depression develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories.

What are the 8 forms of depression?

The 8 different types of depression

  • Mild, moderate and severe depression. …
  • Postnatal depression (PND) …
  • Bipolar disorder. …
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) …
  • Dysthymia. …
  • Psychotic depression. …
  • Atypical depression. …
  • Mixed depression with anxiety disorder.

What is hopelessness theory of depression?

In brief, this theory posits that repeated exposure to uncontrollable and aversive environmental stimuli leads gradually to the belief that the aversive situation is inescapable and a sense of helplessness ensues regarding the situation. This helplessness, in turn, results in depression.

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What is the biological explanation for depression?

Depression has been linked to problems or imbalances in the brain with regard to the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. The evidence is somewhat indirect on these points because it is very difficult to actually measure the level of neurotransmitter in a person’s brain.

How does Aaron Beck treat depression?

CBT helps to educate depressed people about their habitual thought patterns and helps them develop alternative thought patterns, as well as strategies for eliminating unhealthy, automatic thoughts. Beck developed the Beck Hopelessness Scale, which consists of twenty statements with which a person can agree or disagree.

Is depression biological or cognitive?

In general, depression can be due to a number of factors including stresses which can range from mild to severe, combined with vulnerability or predisposition to depression that can result from biological, genetic or psychological factors. Each type of depression is associated with different mixtures of causes.

What was Beck’s theory?

Beck’s cognitive theory is based on cognitive perceptions and is considered a breakthrough in cognitive research. Beck’s cognitive theory basically states that depression-prone individuals possess negative self-beliefs.

What are the two major subcategories of depression?

Types of Depression

  • Major Depression.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder.
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Psychotic Depression.
  • Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression.
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • ‘Situational’ Depression.

What is the most common form of depression?

Major Depression: This is the most well-known type of depression. When people experience major depression, or major depressive disorder (MDD), there is a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities.

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Which type of depression is the most common type of mood disorder?

Major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder are two of the most common types of depression that people experience, however, there are many types of depression. What most mood disorders have in common are major depressive episodes. This is also true of bipolar disorder, another type of mood disorder.

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