Stimulants increase the activity of the central nervous system, making the person more alert and aroused. Examples of stimulants are nicotine, caffeine, cocaine, ecstasy and the methamphetamines, speed and ice.
What do psychoactive drugs do to the nervous system?
Psychoactive drugs are drugs that affect the Central Nervous System, altering its regular activity. They cause changes in a person’s mood, behavior, and awareness (like time and space).
What drugs stimulate the nervous system?
Central Nervous System (CNS) Stimulants
- Amphetamines (including ecstasy or methylenedioxymetamphetamine)
What are the top 3 psychoactive drugs?
More… 3.3 Based on the different ways in which they affect the brain, psychoactive drugs can be divided into four main groups: depressants (e.g., alcohol and sedatives), stimulants (e.g., nicotine and ecstasy), opioids (e.g., morphine and heroin), and hallucinogens (e.g., PCP and LSD).
What are examples of psychoactive substances?
Examples of psychoactive substances include alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, marijuana, and certain pain medicines. Many illegal drugs, such as heroin, LSD, cocaine, and amphetamines are also psychoactive substances.
What is a drug that slows the central nervous system?
Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants are medicines that include sedatives, tranquilizers, and hypnotics. These drugs can slow brain activity, making them useful for treating anxiety, panic, acute stress reactions, and sleep disorders.
What kind of drugs that relieve pain and induce sleepiness?
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- triazolom (Halcion)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- temazepam (Restoril)
- diazepam (Valium)
What is the most powerful central nervous system stimulants?
Cocaine is a strong CNS stimulant and is probably the most addictive agent known. Its recreational use is widespread, and it is highly addictive with its effect mediated through dopamine release.
What type of drugs affect the central nervous system?
Drugs of abuse affecting the CNS include cocaine, heroin, alcohol, amphetamines, toluene, and cannabis. Prescribed medications or medical therapies that can affect the CNS include immunosuppressants, antiepileptics, nitrous oxide, and total parenteral nutrition.
What is the most legal drug?
The 8 Most Addictive Legal Drugs
- Alcohol. Alcohol isn’t as addictive as illegal drugs like heroin or crystal meth, but it’s still highly dangerous. …
- Nicotine. One of the most accessible legal drugs, nicotine is also the most addictive. …
- Opioids. …
- Benzodiazepines. …
- ADHD Meds. …
- Ambien. …
- Prescription Cough Syrup. …
- Anabolic steroids.
What are 4 types of psychoactive drugs?
Psychoactive drugs include four groups of drugs: depressants like alcohol and sleeping pills; stimulants like nicotine and ecstasy; opioids like heroin and pain medications; and hallucinogens like LSD.
Is coffee a psychoactive drug?
Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive substance in the world. In Western society, at least 80 per cent of the adult population consumes caffeine in amounts large enough to have an effect on the brain.