Dysthymia is typically defined as a chronic but less severe form of major depression. It has many similar symptoms to other forms of clinical depression. At some time in their life, 1 in 6 people will experience depression. Around 1.3 percent of U.S. adults experience dysthymia at some point in their life.
How do you explain dysthymia?
Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia (dis-THIE-me-uh), is a continuous long-term (chronic) form of depression. You may lose interest in normal daily activities, feel hopeless, lack productivity, and have low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy.
What is the difference between dysthymia and Cyclothymia?
Therapeutically important research has focused on dysthymic disorder and its relationship to major depressive disorder, while cyclothymic disorder is relatively neglected; nonetheless, operationalized as a subaffective dimension or temperament, cyclothymia appears to be a likely precursor or ingredient of the construct …
Which antidepressant is best for dysthymia?
Treatment for Dysthymia
A systematic review [22, 23] of antidepressant treatment for dysthymia suggests that SSRIs, TCAs, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are all equally effective, but SSRIs may be slightly better tolerated.
What is true of major depression?
During these episodes, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day and may include: Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness. Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters. Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports.
What triggers dysthymia?
stressful or traumatic life events, such as the loss of a loved one or financial problems. chronic physical illness, such as heart disease or diabetes. physical brain trauma, such as a concussion.
Does dysthymia ever go away?
If you think you may have dysthymia, it’s essential to seek help. Seeing a mental health professional is the first step to recovery. Taking the time to go to therapy is an investment in your health and well-being; the condition will not go away on its own.
Is dysthymia a disability?
It can manifest like other forms of depression, but instead of being cyclical it can last for long periods of time, and even years on end. If you suffer from dysthymia and are unable to work, you could qualify for Social Security disability benefits but only if you are able to provide documentation.
Is dysthymia a serious mental illness?
Dysthymia is a serious disorder. It is not “minor” depression, and it is not a condition intermediate between severe clinical depression and depression in the casual colloquial sense. In some cases it is more disabling than major depression.
What cyclothymia feels like?
If you have cyclothymia, you’ll have periods of feeling low followed by periods of extreme happiness and excitement (called hypomania) when you do not need much sleep and feel that you have a lot of energy. The periods of low mood do not last long enough and are not severe enough to be diagnosed as clinical depression.
What are the 5 mood disorders?
The most common types of mood disorders are major depression, dysthymia (dysthymic disorder), bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder. There is no clear cause of mood disorders.