Medications available in this class include risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel), olanzapine (Zyprexa), ziprasidone (Zeldox), paliperidone (Invega), aripiprazole (Abilify) and clozapine (Clozaril).
How many antipsychotic drugs are there?
There are two main types of antipsychotics: Newer or atypical antipsychotics. These are sometimes called second-generation antipsychotics and include: amisulpride, aripiprazole, clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine and risperidone. Older typical well-established antipsychotics.
What is the best antipsychotic medication?
With respect to the incidence of discontinuation, clozapine was the most effective antipsychotic drug, followed by aripiprazole. As with the survival analysis for time to discontinuation, clozapine and aripiprazole were the top ranked.
What is the newest antipsychotic drug?
Paliperidone, iloperidone, asenapine, and lurasidone are the newest oral atypical antipsychotic medications to be introduced since the approval of aripiprazole in 2002.
|Starting Dose||40 mg once daily|
|Effective Dose||80 mg once daily|
What is the generic name for antipsychotic?
Common Atypical Antipsychotics Available in the U.S.
|Generic name||Brand name examples|
What is the safest antipsychotic drug?
Clozapine and olanzapine have the safest therapeutic effect, while the side effect of neutropenia must be controlled by 3 weekly blood controls. If schizophrenia has remitted and if patients show a good compliance, the adverse effects can be controlled.
What is the weakest antipsychotic?
Of the atypical antipsychotics, risperidone is the weakest in terms of atypicality criteria. Although early clinical studies with risperidone indicated that the incidence of EPS is not greater than that seen with placebo, this may not be the case.
What is the most sedating antipsychotic?
Low-potency FGAs and clozapine are the most sedating, with some effect from olanzapine (Zyprexa) and quetiapine (Seroquel). 6 Somnolence can be alleviated by lowering the dosage, changing to a single bedtime dose, or switching to a less sedating medication.
Which antipsychotic has less side effects?
Aripiprazole had less side- effects than olanzapine and risperidone (such as weight gain, sleepiness, heart problems, shaking and increased cholesterol levels).
What is the fastest acting antipsychotic?
Intramuscular olanzapine has shown faster onset of action, greater efficacy and fewer adverse effects than haloperidol or lorazepam in the treatment of acute agitation associated with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar mania and dementia.
Which antipsychotics cause the most weight gain?
The highest weight gain is with olanzapine, followed by clozapine, risperidone and aripiprazole, similar to adult patients. Differences in weight gain have been noted according to the diagnosis. Patients with autism treated with antipsychotics had greater weight gain.
What is the most common drug for schizophrenia?
Clozapine is the most effective antipsychotic in terms of managing treatment-resistant schizophrenia. This drug is approximately 30% effective in controlling schizophrenic episodes in treatment-resistant patients, compared with a 4% efficacy rate with the combination of chlorpromazine and benztropine.