Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications.
Do you need a prescription for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available over-the-counter (OTC) as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin, and comes in the form of tablets, caplets, or syrup. It is not a replacement for prescription asthma treatments.
How much ephedrine can you buy?
Under existing law, you cannot sell more than 7.5 grams per customer of Scheduled Listed Chemical Products containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine during a 30-day period. Refer to the charts on the next two slides for the amount of tablets or liquids that equals 7.5 grams.
What is ephedrine used to treat?
Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
What does ephedrine do to the body?
Because of its direct sympathomimetic effects, ephedrine can increase heart rate, contractility, cardiac output, and peripheral resistance. Thus, increases in both heart rate and blood pressure are common observations after ephedrine ingestion.
What is the generic name for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is also used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), myasthenia gravis, narcolepsy, menstrual problems (dysmenorrhea), or urine-control problems. Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
What is the price of ephedrine?
Ephedrine HCl is up from 1,414 rupees per kilo to 1,431 rupees, while pseudoephedrine HCl goes down from 2,301 rupees per kg to 1,029 rupees.
What is the maximum amount of ephedrine?
This sets the daily sales limit of ephedrine base, pseudoephedrine base, or phenylpropanolamine base at 3.6 grams per purchaser, regardless of the number of transactions. ii. Affects regulated sellers and persons required to submit mail order reports under 21 U.S.C.
How much ephedrine can you take at once?
What is the dosage for oral ephedrine? A dose of 12.5 to 25 mg orally every 4 hours, not to exceed 150 mg in 24 hour has be used for treating bronchospasm. The dose for treating nasal congestion in adults is 25 to 50 mg every 6 hours.
When is ephedrine given?
USES: Ephedrine injection is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat low blood pressure (hypotension) during certain surgical procedures, severe allergic-type reactions (e.g., bronchospasm or bronchial asthma), certain heart rhythm problems (e.g., Stokes-Adams syndrome), narcolepsy, and myasthenia gravis.
How long does it take for ephedrine to work?
Onset with intravenous use is fast, while injection into a muscle can take 20 minutes, and by mouth can take an hour for effect. When given by injection it lasts about an hour and when taken by mouth it can last up to four hours.
Where do you inject ephedrine?
This medicine is for injection under the skin, into a muscle or into a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a hospital or clinic setting.