Benzodiazepines (pronounced ‘ben-zoh-die-AZ-a-peens’) are drugs which slows down messages travelling between the brain and body. Other depressants include alcohol, cannabis and heroin. Benzodiazepines are also minor tranquillisers, usually prescribed by doctors to relieve stress and anxiety and to help people sleep.
Is benzodiazepine an antidepressant?
Benzodiazepines do not primarily affect biogenic amine uptake or metabolism, although they do augment gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) activity. The antidepressant efficacy of benzodiazepines, which are GABAA receptor agonists, is consistent with the GABA theory of depression.
Do benzodiazepines cause depression?
These medications also cause disinhibition, which can result in behavioral problems and risk-taking activities. Evidence is accumulating that chronic use of benzodiazepines is associated with depression, cognitive impairment and an increased incidence of developing dementia.
What kind of drug is benzodiazepine?
Benzodiazepines are a type of medication known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax. They are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States. When people without prescriptions obtain and take these drugs for their sedating effects, use turns into abuse.
What are the example of depressant drugs?
Examples of depressant drugs:
- benzodiazepines (minor tranquilisers)
What Benzo is best for depression?
Triazolo-benzodiazepines, mainly alprazolam, have been found to be effective in mild to moderate depression, although they turned out to be inferior to tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) in patients with endogenous or melancholic depression.
Can Xanax help mild depression?
Xanax is sometimes used as a frontline treatment for depression. The drug calms electrical activity in the brain, and that can help people feel a sense of euphoria and contentment. When Xanax is removed, people can experience a rebound form of depression.
How long does benzo belly last?
“Benzo belly” itself usually begins in the protracted withdrawal phase. It may continue for several weeks after the last dose of a benzodiazepine. Symptoms usually get better with time, but may last a year or more for some people.
What do Benzos do to your brain?
Benzodiazepine drugs increase the effects of GABA on your brain and body. This means these drugs can: make you feel relaxed and sleepy (sedation) reduce your anxiety.
Can I take Klonopin for the rest of my life?
Klonopin should not be relied on for prolonged periods of time, and it is safest when used for short durations of time – less than two weeks. If people have been using or abusing the drug for longer and exhibit some of the symptoms of addiction, they are probably dependent on it.
What Benzo is best for sleep?
Benzodiazepines that have been approved by the FDA for treating chronic insomnia include estazolam, flurazepam (Dalmane), temazepam (Restoril), quazepam (Doral), and triazolam (Halcion). Rapidly acting drugs with shorter half-lives (i.e., estazolam, triazolam, and temazepam) are preferred.
What is the antidote for benzodiazepines?
Flumazenil: an antidote for benzodiazepine toxicity.