How do antidepressants affect a fetus?

It’s important for a mother and her doctor to know the risks. About 30 percent of babies whose mothers take SSRIs will experience neonatal adaptation syndrome, which can cause increased jitteriness, irritability and respiratory distress (difficulty breathing), among other symptoms.

Can antidepressants hurt a fetus?

The biggest concern is typically the risk of birth defects from exposure to antidepressants. Overall, the risk of birth defects and other problems for babies of mothers who take antidepressants during pregnancy is very low. However, some antidepressants are associated with a higher risk of complications for your baby.

Can antidepressants during pregnancy cause autism?

Antidepressant exposure during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in several observational studies.

Do antidepressants affect offspring?

(Reuters Health) – Fathers’ use of antidepressant medications around the time mothers become pregnant does not increase babies’ risk of preterm birth, birth defects, autism or intellectual disability, according to a study in the BMJ.

Do antidepressants increase risk of miscarriage?

Conclusions: Antidepressant use in the first trimester is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage when compared with either nondepressed or depressed unexposed women, even after accounting for induced abortions.

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What is the safest antidepressant for pregnancy?

Antidepressants that are considered safer include:

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem)
  • Citalopram (Celexa)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Amitriptyline (Elavil)
  • Desipramine (Norpramin)
  • Nortriptyline (Pamelor)
  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

Can you be on Lexapro while pregnant?

The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) classifies Lexapro in the category C for the safety of use during pregnancy. This category indicates there has not been enough clinical research on humans to deem the medication safe. Other SSRI antidepressants have been associated with several issues for fetuses and newborns.

Can stress while pregnant cause autism?

In humans, research has long shown that maternal stress during pregnancy prompts systemic inflammation in both the mother and fetus and is a risk factor for autism, said senior author Daniel Barth, a professor of psychology and neuroscience.

Can ultrasounds detect autism?

June 27, 2014 (London) — Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have more rapidly growing brains and bodies at the beginning of the second trimester than children without the disorder, new research suggests.

Does Lexapro cause autism in pregnancy?

On one hand, treating depression is critical for the mother’s wellbeing, and that translates to the baby’s health, as well. But some studies have shown that being exposed to antidepressants in utero can contribute to an increase in developmental conditions, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism.

Do antidepressants affect male fertility?

Furthermore, the use of antidepressants can cause further complications in regards to fertility issues. A recent study has even confirmed that the use of antidepressants in the male partner can significantly increase a couples’ risk of experiencing infertility.

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What medications are unsafe during pregnancy?

What medicines should you avoid during pregnancy?

  • Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol).
  • Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants. …
  • Cough and cold medicines that contain guaifenesin. …
  • Pain medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen (such as Advil and Motrin) and naproxen (such as Aleve).

Can anti depression pills cause miscarriage?

Overall, the analysis showed: A 68% increased risk in miscarriage in pregnant women using any class of antidepressant drugs compared with women who had never used antidepressants. A 61% increased risk among those who used SSRIs. A 75% increased risk of miscarriage associated with the SSRI Paxil.

Can citalopram cause a miscarriage?

Can taking citalopram in pregnancy cause miscarriage? No increased risk of miscarriage in women taking citalopram during early pregnancy was shown in any of the four studies that have looked at this.

Psychoactive drugs and substances