Estrogen deficiency may cause a decline in serotonin that contributes to mood swings or depression.
How does estrogen affect serotonin?
Estrogen acts everywhere in the body, including the parts of the brain that control emotion. Some of estrogen’s effects include: Increasing serotonin, and the number of serotonin receptors in the brain. Modifying the production and the effects of endorphins, the “feel-good” chemicals in the brain.
Can menopause cause low serotonin?
Causes of menopausal depression
In particular, those affecting stress and mood, such as cortisol and serotonin, may be disrupted. Low serotonin levels are frequently associated with the development of depression. The stress caused by other menopausal symptoms can also contribute to feelings of depression.
Can a lack of estrogen cause depression?
Women are twice as likely to suffer from depression as men. It has been proposed that the ovarian hormones estrogen and progesterone contribute to the higher incidence of this potentially debilitating disorder. Depression can also be accompanied by a loss of cognitive performance.
How does estrogen and progesterone affect serotonin?
estrogen increases the brain’s serotonin, the hormone most associated with happiness. Progesterone, on the other hand, can have a depressing effect. Recent research into hormonal contraceptives found a clear link between them and depression.
What can actually worsen menopause symptoms?
Symptoms are usually more severe when menopause occurs suddenly or over a shorter period of time. Conditions that impact the health of the ovary, like cancer or hysterectomy, or certain lifestyle choices, like smoking, tend to increase the severity and duration of symptoms.
What are the symptoms of low estrogen levels?
Hot flashes and night sweats
Estrogen affects the hypothalamus, which regulates body temperature. Low estrogen causes hot flashes and night sweats, two annoying symptoms of menopause and perimenopause.
How does low estrogen make you feel?
Estrogen is associated with serotonin, which is one of your brain’s neurotransmitters responsible for boosting our moods. This is why women with low estrogen can suffer from depression. They can also experience strong mood swings, anxiety, irritability, and anger.